Differences in salivary proteins as a function of prop taster status and gender in normal weight and obese subjects

Melania Melis;Mariano Mastinu;Tiziana Cabras;Roberto Crnjar;Iole Tomassini Barbarossa
2021-01-01

Abstract

Taste plays an important role in processes such as food choices, nutrition status and health. Salivary proteins contribute to taste sensitivity. Taste reduction has been associated with obesity. Gender influences the obesity predisposition and the genetic ability to perceive the bitterness of 6-n-propylthiouracil (PROP), oral marker for food preferences and consumption. We investigated variations in the profile of salivary proteome, analyzed by HPLC-ESI-MS, between sixty-one normal weight subjects (NW) and fifty-seven subjects with obesity (OB), based on gender and PROP sensitivity. Results showed variations of taste-related salivary proteins between NW and OB, which were differently associated with gender and PROP sensitivity. High levels of Ps-1, II-2 and IB-1 proteins belonging to basic proline rich proteins (bPRPs) and PRP-1 protein belonging to acid proline rich proteins (aPRPs) were found in OB males, who showed a lower body mass index (BMI) than OB females. High levels of Ps-1 protein and Cystatin SN (Cyst SN) were found in OB non-tasters, who had lower BMI than OB super-tasters. These new insights on the role of salivary proteins as a factor driving the specific weight gain of OB females and super-tasters, suggest the use of specific proteins as a strategic tool modifying taste responses related to eating behavior.
Inglese
26
8
2244
1
13
13
Esperti anonimi
scientifica
taste sensitivity; salivary proteins; obesity; gender
no
Melis, Melania; Mastinu, Mariano; Pintus, Stefano; Cabras, Tiziana; Crnjar, ROBERTO MASSIMO; TOMASSINI BARBAROSSA, Iole
1.1 Articolo in rivista
info:eu-repo/semantics/article
1 Contributo su Rivista::1.1 Articolo in rivista
262
6
open
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