Motor proficiency as a correlate of coping in late adult lifespan. An exploratory study

Fastame, Maria Chiara
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
Pau, Massimiliano
Formal Analysis


Background and Objectives: A body of studies suggests that coping resources may represent a protective factor against functional and cognitive losses associated with advanced ageing. This study intended to examine the contributions of global cognition, functional mobility, and muscular strength on self-reported coping strategies in late adulthood. Methods: One hundred and thirty-seven community-based older individuals (Mage = 77.2 years, SD = 5.8 years, age range: 63–92 years), 48 males and 89 females with and without signs of cognitive decline completed a battery of tools assessing global cognitive function, problem-focused coping, muscular strength (assessed by handgrip strength, HGS) and functional mobility (assessed using the instrumented Timed-Up-and-Go test). Results: Signi!cant associations were found between problem-focused coping, global cognitive function, HGS, functional mobility parameters, age, and education. Moreover, when the e"ects of education and gender were controlled for, HGS, functional mobility, and global cognitive function scores accounted for 44% of the variance in coping. Conclusions: In clinical practice, the use of functional mobility and muscular strength measures to screen the physical health of older individuals should be encouraged.
Ageing; coping; handgrip; cognitive decline; mobility; functional health
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