Human tongue electrophysiological response to oleic acid and its associations with PROP taster status and the CD36 polymorphism (rs1761667)

Sollai, Giorgia;Melis, Melania;Mastinu, Mariano;Pani, Danilo;Cosseddu, Piero;Bonfiglio, Annalisa;Crnjar, Roberto;Barbarossa, Iole Tomassini


The perception of fat varies among individuals and has also been associated with CD36 rs1761667 polymorphism and genetic ability to perceive oral marker 6-n-propylthiouracil (PROP). Nevertheless, data in the literature are controversial. We present direct measures for the activation of the peripheral taste system in response to oleic acid by electrophysiological recordings from the tongue of 35 volunteers classified for PROP taster status and genotyped for CD36. The waveform of biopotentials was analyzed and values of amplitude and rate of potential variation were measured. Oleic acid stimulations evoked positive monophasic potentials, which represent the summated voltage change consequent to the response of the stimulated taste cells. Bio-electrical measurements were fully consistent with the perceived intensity during stimulation, which was verbally reported by the volunteers. ANOVA revealed that the amplitude of signals was directly associated, mostly in the last part of the response, with the CD36 genotypes and PROP taster status (which was directly associated with the density of papillae). The rate of potential variation was associated only with CD36, primarily in the first part of the response. In conclusion, our results provide direct evidence of the relationship between fat perception and rs1761667 polymorphism of the CD36 gene and PROP phenotype.
Esperti anonimi
CD36; Electrophysiological recording from human tongue; Fat perception; PROP tasting; Food Science; Nutrition and Dietetics
Sollai, Giorgia; Melis, Melania; Mastinu, Mariano; Pani, Danilo; Cosseddu, Piero; Bonfiglio, Annalisa; Crnjar, Roberto; Tepper, Beverly J.; Barbarossa, Iole Tomassini
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