Teachings

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Professor
STEFANO MAIS (Tit.)
MAURO SALIS
Period
First Semester 
Teaching style
Convenzionale 
Lingua Insegnamento
ITALIANO 



Informazioni aggiuntive

Course Curriculum CFU Length(h)
[80/72]  ARCHITECTURE [72/00 - Ord. 2017]  PERCORSO COMUNE 8 80

Objectives

The course aims to provide students with a detailed knowledge of the historical-architectural and historical-artistic overview of contemporary age. The History of Architecture module addresses the period from the second half of the nineteenth to the end of twentieth century, paying particular attention to cultural movements, aesthetic significance, historical avant-garde, protagonists of the international scene. The History of Art module focuses on the period from the second half of the nineteenth to the mid-twentieth century, with specific reference to the avant-garde movements. Essential training goals are: student acquisition of methodological and critical tools for understanding the history of architecture and art in an interdisciplinary perspective, and specifically for the correct reading of the relationships between the movements, works and socio-political and cultural contexts of reference; the acquisition of an appropriate language to analyze the formal and symbolic meanings of artistic expressions; the acquisition of the ability to independently conduct further studies and research in the fields of contemporary architecture and art history.

Prerequisites

Students are required to know the chronological coordinates and main features of socio-political history of the 19th and 20th centuries.

Contents

MODULE HISTORY OF CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE (50 hours; 5CFU)

1. THE CULTURAL HERITAGE OF THE ENLIGHTENMENT AND THE ECLECTICISM
The Enlightenment; From the "Greek Revival" to nineteenth-century eclecticism; Polytechnic schools, the industrial revolution and iron architecture; William Morris and the Arts and Crafts movement; The city in the nineteenth century

2. ARCHITECTURE BETWEEN THE NINETEENTH AND TWENTIETH CENTURIES
The Chicago School: William Le Baron Jenney, Henry Hobs Richardson, John Wellborn Root, Daniel Burnham, Louis H. Sullivan; Art Nouveau; Victor Horta, Henry van de Velde and the spread of the liberty; Catalan Modernism: Antoni Gaudì; Charles Rennie Mackintish and the Glasgow School; The Viennese Secession: Joseph Olbrich and Joseph Hoffman

3. BEYOND AND AGAINST ART NOUVEAU
Otto Wagner and the "Moderne Architektur"; Hendrik Petrus Berlage and social architecture; Peter Behrens and the "Deutscher Werkbund"; Auguste Perret and the technique of reinforced concrete; Tony Garnier and the "Cité Industrielle"; Adolf Loos, ornament and crime

4. THE AVANT-GARDE
The meaning of "avant-garde"; Futurism; Expressionism; Constructivism; Neoplasticism, "De Stijl

5. THE MASTERS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURE
After the avant-garde; Walter Gropius and the Bauhaus; Ludwing Mies van der Rohe; Le Corbusier; Frank Llyod Wright

6. DIFFUSION AND CRISIS OF THE MODERN
Paradigm and anomaly; Towards "international style"; Italian Rationalism architecture: Group 7, Marcello Piacentini, Giuseppe Terragni, Adalberto Libera, Luigi Figini and Gino Pollini; Italian structuralism: Pier Luigi Nervi; Organic architecture: Alvar Aalto

7. POST-WAR RECONSTRUCTION AND THE CONTRIBUTION OF THE MASTERS: BETWEEN MANNERISM AND METROPOLITAN UTOPIA
Masters in the United States and around the world: Richard Neutra; The English "New Towns" and the Italian neorealist quarter; Brutalism in Japan (Kenzo Tange) and England (James Stirling), Le Corbusier's heritage in Brazil (Oscar Niemeyer); Expression and variants of international trends: Ralph Erskine

8. ITALIAN ARCHITECTURE OF THE 1950S - 1960S
The heterogeneity of experiences, the conversation with tradition; The protagonists of the Italian architecture

9. FROM NEO-HISTORICISM TO "POST-MODERN"
Louis Kahn: history as a friend; Robert Venturi: complexity and contradiction; The "Five Architects" of New York; The postmodern international and Paolo Portoghesi; The Spanish and Portuguese school

10. TOWARDS THE NEW MILLENNIUM
The minimalist reduction: Vittorio Gregotti, Franco Purini, Tadao Ando, David Chipperfield; "High-Technology" and eco-architecture: Renzo Piano, Richard Rogers, Jean Nouvel, Santiago Calatrava; Deconstructivism in architecture: Zaha Hadid, Frank O. Gehry, Daniel Libeskind; The world metropolis: Peter Eisenman, Rem Koolhaas, Arata Isozaki, Herzog and de Meuron

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MODULE HISTORY OF ART (30 hours; 3 CFU)
The module History of Art focuses on the main movements and leading artists from the half nineteenth century to the post-World War II and in particular: The Realist Movement, Impressionism and Vienna Secession and the climate of interaction of painting and sculpture with architecture and applied arts; the groundbreaking importance of the avant-garde movements, with insights on Expressionism, Cubism, Futurism, Abstractism, Neoplasticism, Russian Avant-garde, Dada and Surrealism; "Metafisica" and some aspects of "Le rappel a l'ordre", "Art Informel" and Abstract Expressionism. Finally, a specific focus is reserved to Sardinian sculptor Costantino Nivola and his work for the Olivetti showroom in New York, a significant collaboration event around the mid-twentieth century between art, architecture and design.

Teaching Methods

Lectures with slides, pictures files and other audiovisual devices in order to engage students in the course topics.

Verification of learning

The exam of the integrated course, to be passed by oral proof, takes place in a single session for both modules of History of Contemporary Architecture and Art. In addition to the questions asked by lecturers on lecture topics, the student will present an in-depth topic of choice, preferably addressed in both modules; or in one of them. The evaluation of the exam derives from the mix of these elements: mastery and critical processing skills of the topics; specific knowledge of contents; expressive accuracy and proper language use;

Texts

FOR THE MODULE HISTORY OF CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE

Main manual
Alessandra MUNTONI, Lineamenti di Storia dell’Architettura Contemporanea, Laterza, Roma-Bari, 2005.

Other manuals:
Kenneth FRAMPTON, Storia dell’Architettura Moderna, Zanichelli, Bologna, 2008 [4a ed. italiana].
David WATKING, Storia dell’Architettura Occidentale, Zanichelli, Bologna, 2016 [5 a ed. italiana].

Suggested readings:
Marco BIRAGHI, Storia dell’Architettura contemporanea I - 1750-1945, Laterza, Roma-Bari, 2008.
Marco BIRAGHI, Storia dell’Architettura contemporanea II – 1945-2008, Laterza, Roma-Bari, 2008.
Manfredo TAFURI, Storia dell’architettura italiana 1944-1985, Einaudi, Torino 1985 [ristampa 2002]

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FOR THE MODULE HISTORY OF CONTEMPORARY ART
1. Chapters related to course topics, from one of the following manuals:
- C. Bertelli, G. Briganti, A. Giuliano, Storia dell'arte in Italia, vol. 4, Milano, Electa-Bruno Mondadori, varie edizioni;
- G. Dorfles, A. Vettese, Storia dellarte, voll. 3 (con F. Laurocci) e 4, Bergamo, Atlas, 2005;
- E. Bernini, C. Campanini, C. Casoli, Nuovo Eikon. Guida alla storia dell'arte, vol. 3, Roma-Bari, Laterza, 2012

The use of any other manual may be agreed in advance with the teacher.

Suggested reading:
M. De Micheli, Le avanguardie artistiche del Novecento, Milano, Feltrinelli, 2014

More Information

OFFICE HOURS

MODULE HISTORY OF CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE
Prof. Stefano Mais
Tuesday: from 10 a.m. to 12 a.m. and at the end of the lessons, prior notice by e-mail to stefano.mais@unica.it
Reception site: via Santa Croce n. 59, II floor in front of Department Library.

MODULE HISTORY OF CONTEMPORARY ART
Prof. Mauro Salis
Reception students is held by appointment, notice by e-mail to maurosalis@unica.it.

The teacher also communicates with students through the Notices page on the website https://people.unica.it/maurosalis/

Questionnaire and social

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