Teachings
70/0004M  PHYSICS 1
Academic Year 2016/2017
Free text for the University
 Professor

ANTONIO ANDREA MURA (Tit.)
 Period

First Semester
 Teaching style

Convenzionale
 Lingua Insegnamento

Informazioni aggiuntive
Course  Curriculum  CFU  Length(h) 

[70/77] CHEMICAL ENGINEERING  [77/00  Ord. 2016] PERCORSO COMUNE  8  80 
[70/78] MECHANICAL ENGINEERING  [78/00  Ord. 2016] PERCORSO COMUNE  8  80 
Objectives
Objectives
Expected learning outcomes.
1) (Knowledge and understanding). Knowledge of the basic principles of Mechanics and Thermodynamics and understanding of the related physical problems, with particular emphasis to those typical of Engineering.
2) (Applying knowledge and understanding). Capability of applying the acquired knowledge for solving quantitative elementary problems of Mechanics and Thermodynamics.
3) (Making judgements). Capability of selecting relevant information of a problem and of introducing suitable simplifications.
4) (Communication skills). Capability of describing topics of Mechanics and Thermodynamics through the use of a correct terminology.
5) (Learning skills). Physical/mathematical conceptual skills necessary to deal with more advanced courses of Applied Physics and Engineering with a good degree of autonomy.
Objectives
Objectives
Expected learning outcomes.
1) (Knowledge and understanding). Knowledge of the basic principles of Mechanics and Thermodynamics and understanding of the related physical problems, with particular emphasis to those typical of Engineering.
2) (Applying knowledge and understanding). Capability of applying the acquired knowledge for solving quantitative elementary problems of Mechanics and Thermodynamics.
3) (Making judgements). Capability of selecting relevant information of a problem and of introducing suitable simplifications.
4) (Communication skills). Capability of describing topics of Mechanics and Thermodynamics through the use of a correct terminology.
5) (Learning skills). Physical/mathematical conceptual skills necessary to deal with more advanced courses of Applied Physics and Engineering with a good degree of autonomy.
Prerequisites
Prerequisite skills and knowledge are those foreseen for the access test to the first year.
Contents
1  Basic notions (3h)
Physical quantities. International system of units (SI). Length, time, mass. Dimensional analysis
2  Kinematics (8h+3h)
Motion. Position and displacement. Average velocity and average speed. Instantaneous velocity. Acceleration. Motion with constant acceleration. Freefall acceleration. Bidimensional motion. Projectile motion. Uniform circular motion: angular velocity, centripetal acceleration. Relative motion in two dimensions.
3  Dynamics (15h+5h)
Newton’s first law. Force. Mass. Newton’s second law. Some particular forces. Newton’s third law. Friction. Properties of friction. The drag force and terminal speed. Dynamics of uniform circular motion. Kinetics energy. Work. Work and kinetic energy. Work done by the gravitational force. Work done by a general variable force. Work done by a spring force. Power. Conservative forces and potential energy. Conservation of mechanical energy. Potential energy curves. Energy conservation. Centre of mass. Newton’s second law for a system of particles. Linear momentum. Linear momentum of a system of particles. Conservation of linear momentum. Systems with varying mass. Collision, impulse and linear momentum. Momentum and kinetic energy in collisions. Inelastic and elastic collisions.
4  Rotational dynamics (6h+2h)
Rotational variables and vectors. Rotation with constant angular acceleration. Kinetic energy of rotation. Rotational inertia. Newton’s second law for rotation. Work and rotational kinetic energy. Rolling. Angular momentum. Newton’s second law in angular form. Angular momentum of a system of particles. Angular momentum of a rigid body rotating about a fixed axis. Conservation of angular momentum. Requirements of equilibrium. Centre of gravity.
5 – Oscillations (6h+2h)
Oscillations. Simple harmonic motion. Energetics of harmonic motions. Simple pendulum. Physical pendulum. Damped simple harmonic motion. Forced oscillations and resonance.
6  Waves (9h+3h)
Transverse and longitudinal waves. Wavelength and frequency. Speed of a traveling wave. Wave speed on a stretched string. Energy and power of a wave traveling along a string. Principle of superposition for waves. Standing waves. Standing waves and resonance. Sound waves. Speed of sound. Interference. Intensity and sound level. Beats. Basic notions on complex waves.Doppler effect.
7  Thermodynamics (14h+4h)
Zeroth law of thermodynamics. Measuring temperature. Thermometric scales. Thermal expansion. Temperature and heat. Absorption of heat by solids and liquids. Heat and work. First law of thermodynamics. Some special cases of the first law of thermodynamics. Heat transfer mechanisms. Ideal gases. Pressure, temperature, and RMS speed. Molar specific heats of an ideal gas. Degrees of freedom and molar specific heats. Adiabatic expansion of an ideal gas. Carnot’s cycle. Irreversible and reversible processes. Entropy and second law of thermodynamics. Engines and refrigerators
Contents
1  Basic notions (3h)
Physical quantities. International system of units (SI). Length, time, mass. Dimensional analysis
2  Kinematics (8h+3h)
Motion. Position and displacement. Average velocity and average speed. Instantaneous velocity. Acceleration. Motion with constant acceleration. Freefall acceleration. Bidimensional motion. Projectile motion. Uniform circular motion: angular velocity, centripetal acceleration. Relative motion in two dimensions.
3  Dynamics (15h+5h)
Newton’s first law. Force. Mass. Newton’s second law. Some particular forces. Newton’s third law. Friction. Properties of friction. The drag force and terminal speed. Dynamics of uniform circular motion. Kinetics energy. Work. Work and kinetic energy. Work done by the gravitational force. Work done by a general variable force. Work done by a spring force. Power. Conservative forces and potential energy. Conservation of mechanical energy. Potential energy curves. Energy conservation. Centre of mass. Newton’s second law for a system of particles. Linear momentum. Linear momentum of a system of particles. Conservation of linear momentum. Systems with varying mass. Collision, impulse and linear momentum. Momentum and kinetic energy in collisions. Inelastic and elastic collisions.
4  Rotational dynamics (6h+2h)
Rotational variables and vectors. Rotation with constant angular acceleration. Kinetic energy of rotation. Rotational inertia. Newton’s second law for rotation. Work and rotational kinetic energy. Rolling. Angular momentum. Newton’s second law in angular form. Angular momentum of a system of particles. Angular momentum of a rigid body rotating about a fixed axis. Conservation of angular momentum. Requirements of equilibrium. Centre of gravity.
5 – Oscillations (6h+2h)
Oscillations. Simple harmonic motion. Energetics of harmonic motions. Simple pendulum. Physical pendulum. Damped simple harmonic motion. Forced oscillations and resonance.
6  Waves (9h+3h)
Transverse and longitudinal waves. Wavelength and frequency. Speed of a traveling wave. Wave speed on a stretched string. Energy and power of a wave traveling along a string. Principle of superposition for waves. Standing waves. Standing waves and resonance. Sound waves. Speed of sound. Interference. Intensity and sound level. Beats. Basic notions on complex waves.Doppler effect.
7  Thermodynamics (14h+4h)
Zeroth law of thermodynamics. Measuring temperature. Thermometric scales. Thermal expansion. Temperature and heat. Absorption of heat by solids and liquids. Heat and work. First law of thermodynamics. Some special cases of the first law of thermodynamics. Heat transfer mechanisms. Ideal gases. Pressure, temperature, and RMS speed. Molar specific heats of an ideal gas. Degrees of freedom and molar specific heats. Adiabatic expansion of an ideal gas. Carnot’s cycle. Irreversible and reversible processes. Entropy and second law of thermodynamics. Engines and refrigerators
Teaching Methods
Lecture: 61 hours; Tutorial and exercises: 19 hours
Teaching Methods
Lecture: 64 hours; Tutorial and exercises: 16 hours
Verification of learning
Written test / oral examination / tests during the course
Texts
1. Halliday, Resnick, Walker: Fondamenti di Fisica (Vol.
MeccanicaTermologia oppure Volume unico), Ambrosiana.
2. P.Mazzoldi, M.Nigro, C.Voci: Elementi di Fisica, ( Vol.
MeccanicaTermodinamica e Vol. Onde), Edises.
3. J. Serway, Fisica Volume 2, Edises.
Texts
1. Halliday, Resnick, Walker: Fondamenti di Fisica (Vol.
MeccanicaTermologia oppure Volume unico), Ambrosiana.
2. P.Mazzoldi, M.Nigro, C.Voci: Elementi di Fisica, ( Vol.
MeccanicaTermodinamica e Vol. Onde), Edises.
3. J. Serway, Fisica Volume 2, Edises.
More Information
Information and educational materials are available on the teacher's WebSite:
http://www.dsf.unica.it/~mura/didattica/
More Information
Information and educational materials are available on the teacher's WebSite:
http://www.dsf.unica.it/~mura/didattica/