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Second Semester 
Teaching style
Lingua Insegnamento

Informazioni aggiuntive

Course Curriculum CFU Length(h)


The purpose of this course is to provide an introduction to hydrogeology with emphasis on groundwater, groundwater-surface water interactions, geologic controls, water chemistry, field investigations, and environmental problems. At the end of this course you should
• know, understand, and master fundamental qualitative and quantitative principles of hydrogeology
• know how to approach and solve basic problems in field hydrogeology
• know locations of hydrogeologic data and how to use them in hydrologic investigations
• understand how hydrogeology is interrelated with other natural and environmental science disciplines


Important: Applied geology, Geotechnics, Geology


Introduction to hydrogeology. Ground-water hydrology. Rocks and water. Groundwater - Hydrologic cycle. Aquifers and confining beds. Porosity. Specific yield and specific retention. Darcy law. Heads and gradients
Hydraulic conductivity. Functions of ground-water systems. Capillarity and unsaturated flow. Stratification and unsaturated flow. Saturated flow and dispersion. Ground-water movement and topography. Ground-water flow nets
Ground-water movement and stratification. Ground-water velocity. Transmissivity. Storage coefficient. Cone of depression. Source of water derived from wells. Aquifer tests. Analysis of aquifer-test data. Time-drawdown analysis. Distance-drawdown analysis. Single-well tests. Well interference. Aquifer boundaries. Tests affected by lateral boundaries. Tests affected by leaky confining beds. Well-construction methods. Well logs. Water-well design. Well-acceptance tests and well efficiency. Specific capacity and transmissivity. Well-field design. Saltwater encroachment. Measurements of water levels and pumping rates. Protection of supply wells. Supply-well roblems-Decline in yield. Supply-well problems-Changes in water quality. Well records and files. Quality of ground water
Aquifer Vulnerability. Pollution of ground water. Environmental legislation.

Teaching Methods

Frontal lessons (8 CFU- 64h), laboratory (3CFU - 36h) and field practicals (1CFU - 12h)
In the case of pandemic emergency COVID-19, lectures could be given also via web streaming. For the same reason, indoor and outdoor practicals could be set on online/streaming platforms
1. Lectures.
2. Teamwork solving problem tutorials.
3. Experiments
4. Homework.
5. Reading assignments.

Verification of learning

Oral exam
To pass the exam, then report a grade of not less than 18/30, the student must demonstrate that he has acquired sufficient knowledge of the topics: Hydrogeological balance, aquifer configuration, hydrogeological parameters, management of groundwater resources, concept of slope instability, landslides classification , main instability processes of the slopes, landslide risk management methods and practices, law linked to the water and land management, a basic knowledge of the topics listed above but with the capacity to describe physical phenomena and to be able to numerically quantify.
To achieve a score of 30/30 cum laude, the student must instead demonstrate that he has acquired excellent knowledge of all the topics covered during the course.


P. Celico – Elementi di idrogeologia – Liguori Editore
Civita M. - Idrogeologia applicata e ambientale. 2005 Casa Editrice Ambrosiana
G. Castany - Idrogeologia Principi e Metodi
Ghiglieri G. Appunti di lezione e materiale didattico distribuito dal docente (CD ROM e/o Dispense).

Testi di approfondimento
Beretta G. P. - Idrogeologia per il disinquinamento delle acque sotterranee. 1992 Pitagora Ed. Bologna
Civita M., De Maio M., (2000) – Valutazione e cartografia automatica della vulnerabilità degli acquiferi all’inquinamento con il sistema parametrico SINTACS R5, Quaderni di Tecniche di Protezione Ambientale, 72, Pitagora Editrice, Bologna, 226 pp.
Colombo P., Colleselli F.- Elementi di Geotecnica - Zanichelli
Custodio E., Llamas M.R. - Hidrologia subterranea - Omega
Padovani L. and Trevisan M., 2002. I nitrati di origine agricola nelle acque sotterranee. Quaderni di Tecniche di Protezione Ambientale, Pitagora Editrice, Bologna, – ISBN 88-371-1260-2, 75: 103 pp.
Decreto legislativo 3 aprile 2006, n. 152. Norme in materia ambientale. Gazzetta Ufficiale n. 88 del 14 aprile 2006 [Italian Legislative Decree 152/06].
Decreto legislativo 16 marzo 2009, n. 30. Attuazione della direttiva 2006/118/CE, relativa alla protezione delle acque sotterranee dall'inquinamento e dal deterioramento
Direttiva 91/676/CEE, del 12 dicembre 1991 - Relativa alla protezione delle acque dell'inquinamento provocato dai nitrati provenienti da fonti agricole.
Direttiva 2000/60/CE, del 23 ottobre 2000 - Direttiva quadro per l'azione comunitaria in materia di acque. (Gazzetta ufficiale delle Comunità europee L 327/1 del 22.12.2000).
Direttiva 2006/118/CE, del 12 dicembre 2006- Protezione delle acque sotterranee dall'inquinamento e dal deterioramento.
Europa. Common Implementation Strategy for the Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC). Guidance Document No. 15, Guidance on Groundwater Monitoring. Technical Report-002-2007. ISBN 92-79-04558-X, ISSN 1725-1087. European Communities, 2007. Publication Office Disponibile all’indirizzo:
Todd D. K. - Growndwater hydrology - J. Wiley & Sons Inc., N. Y.

More Information

Please feel free to contact the professor with appointment (
Our University provides support to students with disorders specific to learning (DSA). Those interested can find more information on the website:
Working students (part time students) are invited to agree on with the teacher, personalized activities to make up for the absences from the lessons caused by work commitments.

Questionnaire and social

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