Teachings

Select Academic Year:     2017/2018 2018/2019 2019/2020 2020/2021 2021/2022 2022/2023
Professor
CARLA ZUDDAS (Tit.)
IUNIO FABIO BOTTA
Period
First Semester 
Teaching style
Convenzionale 
Lingua Insegnamento
 



Informazioni aggiuntive

Course Curriculum CFU Length(h)
[60/61]  COMPUTER SCIENCE [61/00 - Ord. 2016]  PERCORSO COMUNE 6 48

Objectives

Economics and Corporate Finance/Intellectual Property Law and Software Protection: the remit of this course is to provide students with an introduction to Microeconomics, Macroeconomics, Accountancy and Corporate Finance. In other words, this program is targeted to sophomore students that are interested in both Economics and Corporate Finance. The over-arching objective of this course is to acquaint students with the economic way of thinking. Thus, these lectures in economics will strive to provide students with a smattering of economic concepts in order to enable them to analyse contemporary economic issues, and to understand corporate decisions. More precisely, the first part of the course is dedicated to Microeconomics, whereas the second and the third parts are dedicated, respectively, to Macroeconomic, Accountancy, and Corporate Finance.
The objectives are twofold:
- to provide an introduction to elementary concepts of Probability Calculus, Statistics, software protection under copyright law, software patentability and computer implemented inventions;
- to learn how to use these concepts in several contexts of interest for computer scientists.

Prerequisites

There are no specific prerequisites for this class beyond an interest in the subject. However, a basic knowledge of Calculus is expected.

Contents

Economics and Corporate Finance: The primary focus of the program in Economics will be on how markets work in allocating scarce resources. The concepts of scarcity, choice and opportunity costs will be analysed. In Microeconomics, the focus will be on the following cardinal topics: Supply and Demand model; Elasticity; Production Functions, Costs, and Cost Minimization; Perfect Competition; Monopoly; Duopoly (Nash Equilibrium); Oligopoly. Macroeconomic lectures aim at giving students a basic understanding of the following concepts in both theoretical and empirical manners: Gross Domestic Product and its Measurement; Aggregate Expenditure model; Keynesian Multiplier; Aggregate Demand and Aggregate Supply; Inflation and Unemployment; Stagflation; Monetary System; Money Supply and Money Multiplier, Quantitative Easing (Q.E.), Bonds, interest rates, Yield curve, and exchange rates. As far as the Accountancy and Finance concepts are concerned, the emphasis will be on the following topics: Balance Sheet; Income Statement; Ratio Analysis; Financial Leverage; Net Present Value (NPV); Internal Rate of Return (IRR). In particular, the Ratio Analysis will be presented as a useful tool in order to obtain a quick indication of a firm’s performance in several key areas.
Intellectual Property Law and Software Protection: the remit of this course in Law is to provide students with the necessary tools to analyse legal material in relation to intellectual property and IT resources in general. For the purpose of this course will be mainly concentrated on the key areas of intellectual property and software’s protection. In a nutshell, software protection under copyright law, issues about software patentability, and computer implemented inventions are the most important topics that will be addressed. The cardinal features associated with software’s creation and protection will be analysed. In addition, various issues deriving from software’s duplication and distribution will be covered in detail. Furthermore, due to the short length of this course, lectures will be devoted to specific topics and issues deemed of particular interest. Moreover, the program will try to pay attention to national, European and international IP laws. Finally, a number of issues will be tackled by dint of specific case studies, which will be discussed in class.

Teaching Methods

Economics and Finance: we shall cover these topics more or less in the sequence indicated, although the time devoted to each section will vary. The main concepts will be constantly revised.
Introduction. Basic Economic Concepts. Market system
Supply and Demand Model; Elasticity; Production Functions; Production Costs; Cost Minimization; Perfect Competition; Oligopoly; Duopoly (Nash equilibrium); Monopoly.
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and its Measurement. Aggregate Expenditure model. Keynesian Multiplier. Aggregate Demand and Aggregate Supply. Stagflation
The Monetary System. Money Supply. Monetary Policy. Money Multiplier. Quantitative Easing (Q.E.), Bonds, interest Rates, Yield curve, and Exchange Rates. Balance Sheet. Income Statement. Ratio Analysis: Current Ratio, Quick Ratio, Working Capital, Short-Term Debt and Long-Term Debt, ROI, ROE. Financial Leverage (ROI - i). Net Present Value (NPV). Internal Rate of Return (IRR). Investment Evaluation Methods and Criteria of Project Evaluation.
The list of topics is tentative and, at least in part, subject to amendment. The final exam will be held in class/lecture theater at the of the lectures.
Intellectual Property Law and Software Protection:
The protection of software between patent law and author's rights.
The acquisition of author's right, registration and publicity. The subject of author's rights: moral rights and economic rights.
The subjective structure of copyrighted works: the software development by a team.
The object of author's rights on software: focus on derivative works and creative elaborations of software.
The object of author's rights on software: right of copy, duplication and decompilation of software.
Private copy and Digital Rights Management.
The object of author's rights on software: software’s distribution. Principal differences between alienation and license of software. Licensing and software restrictions policies.
Free and open source software and Creative Commons.
Software made under an employment and self-employment contract.
Ban on software patents. Computer implemented inventions and protection of topography of semiconductor products.
Intellectual Property Law and Software Protection: Final Exam

Verification of learning

Following the COVID 19 emergency, compatibly with the exam methods provided for in the Manifesto of the Studies (Manifesto degli Studi) for the academic year 2021-2022, the exams will be held in person (or on the platform Teams).
There will be a written examination at the end of the course in Principles of Economics and Corporate Finance. More precisely, there will be a written test which will be held in class/Lecture Theater at the end of the programme. The final test will be comprehensive and cover all material presented during the lectures. A make-up written exam is not contemplated. That is, the written examination is allowed only once. Therefore, all those whose final score is not deemed sufficient will have to take the oral examination. The written test in Economics consists of ten multiple choice questions and an open question in which it will be asked to outline the main features of a specific topic. Fifteen points are altogether available, ten for the multiple choice questions and five for the open question. In order for a student to pass this course it is necessary to score at least nine points out of fifteen, and fifteen is the maximum grade. No negative points will be associated with wrong answers.Thus, students are strongly advised to try all the problem sets. No calculators, ipads or mobile phones will be allowed during the written examination. The final grade in Principles of Economics and Information Technology Law will be computed by simply adding the assessments of Economics and Information Technology Law. This module will account for 50% of the credits available (3 CFU out of 6). The final written test in Information Technology Law consists of ten multiple choice questions and one or two open questions in which it will be asked to outline the main features of a specific topic. Even in this case, fifteen points are altogether available, ten for the multiple choice questions and five for the open questions.

Texts

Economics and Corporate Finance: slides will be posted on the course website prior to each lecture. The slides will follow the aforementioned topics. The slides will mainly follow the following textbooks in Economics and Finance written by: Gregory Mankiw, Mark P. Taylor (2011), Paul Krugman, Robin Wells (2009), Besanko D. (2014), Perlof.,J.M. (2012), Brealey R., Myers, S.C., Allen F, (2011). However, the textbooks are supplemental in nature. Therefore, purchasing one of the following textbooks is totally optional, although suggested. Exam questions will be derived from the slides uploaded on the website. Thus, it is of paramount importance to constantly verify the most up-to-date reading materials, which will be uploaded on the website by the instructor.

The primary textbook for this module is the following one:

N. Gregory Mankiw, Mark P. Taylor, 2011, Economics, Second Edition, South-Western, Cengage Learning.

Other recommended textbooks for this module include:

Paul Krugman, Robin Wells, 2009, Economics, Second Edition, WORTH Publishers.

Besanko, D., Braeutigam, D, (2014). Microeconomics. Fourth edition. Wiley and sons: US.

Perloff, J.M., (2012) Microeconomics with calculus. Addison-Wesley, Pearson Education: Boston.

Taylor, J. and Weerapana, A. 2012, Principles of Economics, South-Western, Cengage Learning: Mason, Ohio, USA.

Brealey R.A., S.C., Myers, F. Allen, (2011), Principles of Corporate Finance. Mc Graw-Hill Irwin. Tenth edition.

Lectures and seminar handouts will be available on the website. Consequently, it is of paramount importance to constantly verify the most up-to-date reading materials, which will be uploaded on the website by the instructor. Hence, the recommended textbooks are supplemental in nature.

Intellectual Property Law and Software Protection: The primary textbooks for this module is the following one:
- AA.VV., Diritto industriale. Proprietà intellettuale e concorrenza, VI edizione, Giappichelli, 2020, limitatamente alla parte VII;
Another recommended textbook for this module includes:
- P. GALLI, sub artt. 64-bis – 64-quater l.a., in L.C. UBERTAZZI, Commentario Breve alle leggi su proprietà intellettuale e concorrenza, Padova, 2019.

More Information

In accordance with the Manifesto of Studies for the A.Y. 2021-22, and compatibly with the circumstances due to the pandemic situation, teaching will be delivered mainly face to face, integrated and "augmented" with online strategies, in order to guarantee its use in an innovative and inclusive way.

Student attendance is constantly measured and reported by the instructors to the dean of the Department, and it will be evaluated in order to compile the list of candidates to be admitted to the final exam. It is important that students read the slides thoroughly before class. Given the short length of this course, coming along prepared will allow students to enhance their understanding of the topics together with their chances to maximize the final grade.

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