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Second Semester 
Teaching style
Lingua Insegnamento

Informazioni aggiuntive

Course Curriculum CFU Length(h)


The course Human Physiology and Neurophysiology aims to provide the student with theoretical lessons for the acquisition of basic knowledge on the integrated and coordinated functions of the apparatuses and on the functional control mechanisms.


Knowledge of Anatomy and Biochemistry


Human Physiology module
Physiological control systems.
Endocrine System and Chemical Messengers: synthesis, release, transport and mechanisms of action of Hormone. Effects on target cells. Control of hormone release.
Nervous system: Functional organization of the nervous system. Reflexes and superior nervous functions. Receptors and sensory systems. Autonomic nervous system. Motor control.

Cardio-circulatory function.
Blood: Plasma and interstitial fluid, red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets and hemostasis.
The heart: functions of the common and conduction myocardium, cardiac cycle, cardiac output and its regulation. The circulatory system: the systemic circulation and pulmonary circulation. Circulatory blood flow in the various districts and its regulation.

Respiratory function.
Airway functions. Respiratory mechanics and pulmonary ventilation. Nervous and chemical control of ventilation. Alveolar air. Gas exchange in the lungs and tissues. Transport of gases in the blood.

Neurophysiology module

Introduction to the Nervous System: Lateralization, associative cortices, neurons, glial cells

Membrane Potential, Action Potential: Ion Channels, Membrane Potential Genesis, Sodium-Potassium Pump, Voltage-Gated Channels, Action Potential Genesis, Myelin, Action Potential Propagation, Nervous Stimulus Conduction Rate

Synapses: Electrical and chemical synapses, excitatory and inhibitory synapses, exocytosis, ionotropic and metabotropic receptors, spatial and temporal summation

Neurotransmitters: Acetylcholine, dopamine, noradrenaline, histamine, serotonin, GABA, glycine, glutamate, neuroactive peptides

Teaching Methods

The course Human Physiology and Neurophysiology is organized two modules: Human Physiology (2 CFU, 16 h) and Neurophysiology (1 CFU, 8 h). Teaching will be delivered mainly in presence, integrated and "augmented" with online strategies, in order to guarantee its use in an innovative and inclusive way

Verification of learning

The learning of the skills acquired by the student on the basic physiology of the apparatus and on the functional control mechanisms with particular reference to the morpho-functional, chemical and biochemical, cellular and molecular aspects will be verified through an oral interview. The grade will be awarded based on the assessment of the learning acquired by the student by the course teachers.

The final grade takes into account various factors:
Quality of knowledge, skills, skills possessed and / or manifested:
a) appropriateness, correctness and congruence of knowledge
b) appropriateness, correctness and congruence of skills
c) appropriateness, correctness and congruence of competences
Exhibition mode:
a) Expressive capacity;
b) Appropriate use of the specific language of the discipline;
c) Logical capacity and consequentiality in the connection of contents;
e) Ability to link different topics by finding the common points and to establish a coherent general plan, that is to say by taking care of the structure, organization and logical connections of the exposition;
f) Ability to synthesis also through the use of the symbolism proper to matter and the graphic expression of notions and concepts, in the form, for example, of formulas, schemes, equations.
Relational qualities:
Availability to exchange and interaction with the teacher during the interview.
Personal qualities:
a) critical spirit;
b) self-assessment capacity.


Fisiologia Autore: CL Stanfield Edizione: Edises
Fisiologia, Berne – Levy, Ambrosiana.
Neuroscienze, D. Purves, Zanichelli

More Information

In order to obtain maximum didactic efficacy in the course of Human Physiology and Neurophysiology the teacher uses anatomical diagrams that reproduce in a summary manner the anatomical structures that the student must know to understand the concepts of physiology, illustrations and high-quality color photographs, easy to interpret schemes, flowcharts to intuitively represent cause-effect relationships. At the end of each lesson the basic concepts illustrated during the lesson are summarized

Questionnaire and social

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