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Second Semester 
Teaching style
Lingua Insegnamento

Informazioni aggiuntive

Course Curriculum CFU Length(h)
[40/42]  NURSING [42/00 - Ord. 2016]  PERCORSO COMUNE 7 56


Learning the fundamental elements of the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis, ischemic heart disease, the valvulopathic patient and the multi parametric evaluation of the patient with heart failure. Management of the patient suffering from infectious and inflammatory cardiac pathologies. Learning the rudiments of cardiovascular diagnostic methods.
Learning neurological exam execution. Management of the patient suffering from neurological diseases. Learning the rudiments of neurological diagnostic methods.
Management of the main categories of drugs for hospital use of neurological relevance.

Nursing Applied to Medicine and Specialized Surgery

At the end of the teaching of the integrated course of Nursing applied to specialized medicine, the student must be able to:
• Knowing, knowing how to detect and interpret the main signs and symptoms related to cardiac and neurological pathology, to correctly plan personalized assistance;

• Describe the main diagnostic - therapeutic procedures to be implemented in assisted persons with Cardiological and Neurological clinical and specialist alterations;

• Plan and implement specific nursing care interventions, to those assisted with clinical alterations, related to the main pathological conditions of the specialist medicine of Cardiology and Neurology.

• Describe the main points of a discharge program, aimed at continuity of therapy and the adoption of correct behaviors for the prevention of complications;
• To know and be able to detect the clinical-assistance implications in the administration and management of the main drugs used by the cardiological and neurological patient;


Attendance to lesson and propedeutical courses


- Cardiovascular risk factors
- Pathophysiology of atherosclerosis
- Ischemic heart disease:
Acute coronary syndromes (acute myocardial infarction and unstable angina)
Stable angina pectoris
- Physiopathology and clinic of arterial hypertension
- Physiopathology and clinic of valvulopathies
- Cardiovascular diagnostics and electrocardiography rudiments
- Physiopathology and clinical of Cardiac Insufficiency
- Endocarditis, Pericarditis and Myocarditis

- NEUROLOGICAL EXAMINATION - pathophysiology of motility - physiopathology of sensitivity - higher nervous functions - pathophysiology of the state of consciousness
     Headache and cranial-facial pains; Cerebrovascular diseases (cerebral ischemia, intraparenchymal hemorrhage, subarachnoid hemorrhage). Infections of the central nervous system (meningitis, meningoencephalitis and bacterial, viral and parasitic encephalitis) Epilepsies. Endocranial tumors. Inflammatory diseases (multiple sclerosis) Dementia (in particular Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia). Cranio-encephalic traumas Degenerative diseases: Parkinson's disease. Huntington's chorea, hereditary ataxias (generality), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Diseases of the peripheral nerve (in particular carpal tunnel, diabetic neuropathy, Guillain-Barre syndrome) Muscular diseases (in particular myasthenia).
Neurological urgencies
  - Rachicentesis and liquor examination - Computerized axial tomography - Magnetic resonance imaging - Electroencephalography - Electromyography - Evocative potentials - Extra and transcranial Doppler.

Nursing Applied to Medicine and Specialist (
• Introduction to tools for standardizing care processes
• Develop critical thinking strategies in nursing care and the development of clinical cases through care planning for patients with:
• Cardiovascular diseases of ischemic, arrhythmic and conduction defects, and Acute heart failure and chronic heart failure.
• Neurological diseases of ischemic, degenerative and autoimmune nature.
• Clinical course and care planning for patients with acute myocardial ischaemia
• Clinical course and care planning for patients suffering from supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmias;
• Nursing management to the patient subjected to specific therapeutic treatments: PTCA, Cardioversion trancatheter ablation, defibrillation, final implantation of pacemaker and implantable defibrillator.
• Clinical course and care planning for patients with acute and chronic heart failure;
• Clinical course and care planning for the patient with cerebral ischemia - on ischemic or hemorrhagic basis, in the acute phase;
• Clinical course and care planning for patients with autoimmune diseases - ALS and multiple sclerosis;
• Clinical course and care planning for the demented patient, with Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease.
Clinical course and care planning for the patient with convulsive diseases

Teaching Methods

Methods and techniques of didactic interaction in the presence of the teacher
Dialogue in the classroom solicited by the teacher
References and references to normal and pathological conditions.
Combination of frontal and interactive teaching with the use of computer tools and various supports (video-projection and blackboard)
At the end of the course, but also of the single lesson, an adequate period of time is provided for the sedimentation of the acquired information, the management of doubts and perplexities.
Methods and techniques of distance learning interaction
Student teacher interaction: Communication via e-mail
Interaction between contents: Video and pdf of the lessons on the moodle platform or other sites indicated by the teachers

Verification of learning

On-going audits and written and oral exam in the scheduled period according to Faculty organization


Suggested books:
•Brunner L.S. Suddarth “Nursing medico chirurgico” 1° e 2° volume CEA 2010 (MI)
•Raffaele A. Incalzi Medicina interna per Scienze Infermieristiche Piccin Editore 2012
•Carpenito L. J.“Piani di assistenza infermieristica” CEA

Bibliografia consigliata
•AA VV, Manuale Cardionursing, Centro Scientifico Editore2005
•AA VV Manuale di elettrofisiologia ed elettrostimolazione cardiaca per infermieri. Centro Scientifico Editore 2006

Cardiologia : “Dispense di cardiologia per i corsi di laurea nelle professioni sanitarie” di Maria Penco (2005)
“Neurologia e assistenza infermieristica. Manuale per professioni sanitari di Antonio Federico Cristina Angelini “Neurologia per le lauree triennali Libro di Pierluigi Bertora Patrizia Franza edito da Edises, 2015”PICCIN

More Information

slides of the lessons
optional courses
verification of classroom learning with dedicated software

Questionnaire and social

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