Teachings

Select Academic Year:     2016/2017 2017/2018 2018/2019 2019/2020 2020/2021 2021/2022
Professor
ROBERTO MASSIMO CRNJAR (Tit.)
Period
First Semester 
Teaching style
Convenzionale 
Lingua Insegnamento
 



Informazioni aggiuntive

Course Curriculum CFU Length(h)
[40/39]  MEDICINE AND SURGERY [39/00 - Ord. 2020]  PERCORSO COMUNE 9 90
[40/40]  UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF DENTISTRY [40/00 - Ord. 2018]  PERCORSO COMUNE 9 90

Objectives

KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING: the student will have to know the physiology of the systems and functional mechanisms underlying them, with particular reference to the morpho-functional, chemical, biochemical, biophysical, cellular and molecular aspects.
APPLICATION SKILLS: the student will acquire the necessary knowledge to face the study of the physio-pathological mechanisms and the clinical-instrumental characteristics of the various pathologies. He will be able to interpret adaptive processes in physiological and pathological conditions and will have the useful skills in various areas of health, both to devise and support arguments, and to solve problems in wider or interdisciplinary contexts. AUTONOMY OF JUDGMENT: the student will be able to demonstrate a critical approach and a research-oriented creative attitude. He will be able to take into account the importance and rethinking of information-based scientific thinking, obtained from different resources, to establish the cause, treatment and prevention of diseases. He will be able to formulate personal judgments to solve analytical and complex problems and independently search for scientific information, without waiting for it to be provided to him, using the basis of scientific evidence.
COMMUNICATION SKILLS: the student will be able to describe the theoretical and practical knowledge learned during the course in an essential, exhaustive way and with an adequate modern scientific language. The student will be able to collect, organize and critically interpret new scientific knowledge and health/biomedical information from the different resources and databases available.
LEARNING SKILLS: consultation of databases, publications and information sources accredited at national and international level.

Prerequisites

The propedeutic examinations are Physics and Biochemistry

Contents

1st Semester
General principles: homeostasis and its control systems. Regulation of the composition of body fluids. Transmembrane transports. Resting membrane potential. Action potentials. Local potentials. Synapses. Bioelectrical signal transduction. Sensory receptors.
Muscular System: neuromuscular junction. Mechanism of contraction. Muscle fiber types and their metabolism. Physiology of skeletal, cardiac and smooth muscles.
Cardiovascular System: Elements of cardiac function. Properties of the vascular system. Integrated regulation and control of the heart and vascular system.

2nd semester (term):
The respiratory system: structure and function. Static and dynamic mechanical properties of the lung and the chest. Ventilation and perfusion. Transport of respiratory gases. Control of breathing. Non-respiratory functions of the lung.
The gastrointestinal system: functional anatomy and principles of regulation of the gastrointestinal system. Integrated response to the ingestion of food: cephalic phase, gastric, small intestine and colon. The liver and its functions.
The kidney: elements of renal function. Transport of water and solutes along the nephron. Control of osmolality and volume of body fluids. Homeostasis of potassium, calcium and phosphate. Role of the kidney in the regulation of acid-base balance.
The endocrine and reproductive systems: hormonal regulation of energy metabolism. Hormonal regulation of the metabolism of calcium and phosphate. The hypothalamic-pituitary axis. Thyroid. Parathyroid glands. Adrenal glands.
Male and female reproductive systems.
Physiology of nutrition: factors that influence energy metabolism.

Teaching Methods

Up front lessons 72 hours
Seminars 18 hours

The course includes 90 hours of frontal lessons which will be provided in accordance with the "A.A. 2020/2021 ", inserted on page 12 of the "Manifesto Generale degli Studi", which establishes that “Teaching will be delivered mainly in the presence and integrated with online strategies, in order to guarantee their use in an innovative and inclusive way".

Verification of learning

EVEN channel. Written test on the topics of the first semester. The test consists of a part of 5 multi-answer quizzes (1 point each) + 1 complex quiz (2 points) + 2 open questions (4 points each) for a total of 15 points.
Written test on the topics of the second semester (same mechanism as that of the first). Final oral interview on the topics for the whole year, with particular focus on those of the second semester and those of the first semester in which, based on the results of the written test, the candidate showed insufficient levels of preparation.
The final grade is the result of the sum of the 2 written tests (15 + 15) weighted with the outcome of the final interview. The vote is out of thirty.

ODD channel. Written test on the topics of the first semester. The test consists of 30 quizzes with three answers each of which only one is correct. Each correct answer is worth one point for a total of 30 points. Final exam: interview on the topics of the whole year, with particular focus on those of the second semester and those of the first semester in which, based on the results of the written test, the candidate showed insufficient levels of preparation. The final grade is the result of the weighted average of the written test of the first semester and the interview of the second semester.

The grade is out of thirty based on the following evaluation scale:
a) Sufficient (from 18 to 20/30)
The candidate demonstrates few acquired notions, superficial level, many gaps, modest expressive skills, but sufficient to support a coherent dialogue; logical skills and consequentiality in connecting elementary level arguments; poor ability of synthesis and graphic expression; poor interaction with the teacher during the interview.
b) Fair (21 to 23)
The candidate demonstrates a fair acquisition of knowledge, but little in-depth, few gaps; expressive skills more than sufficient to support a coherent dialogue; acceptable command of scientific language; logical skills and consequentiality in the connection of topics of moderate complexity; more than enough capacity for synthesis and graphic expression.
c) Good (from 24 to 26)
The candidate demonstrates a rather broad knowledge base, moderate in-depth study, with small gaps; satisfactory expressive skills and significant command of scientific language; dialogic ability and critical spirit well noticeable; good synthesis skills and more than acceptable graphic expression skills.
d) Excellent (from 27 to 29)
The candidate demonstrates a very extensive, well-studied knowledge base, with marginal gaps; remarkable expressive skills and high command of scientific language; remarkable dialogical ability, good competence and relevant aptitude for logical synthesis; high capacity for synthesis and graphic expression.
e) Excellent (30)
The candidate demonstrates a very extensive and in-depth knowledge base, possibly irrelevant gaps; high expressive skills and high command of scientific language; excellent dialogue skills, strong aptitude for making connections between different topics; excellent ability to synthesize and great familiarity with graphic expression.
Honors are attributed to candidates clearly above the average, and whose possible notional, expressive, conceptual or logical limits are altogether completely irrelevant.

Texts

R. M. Berne, M. N. Levy: Fisiologia (Casa editrice Ambrosiana-Milano)
V. Taglietti, C. Casella: Principi di fisiologia e biofisica della cellula, Vol I-IV (La Goliardica Pavese)
D. U. Silverthorn: Fisiologia (Casa editrice Ambrosiana-Milano)
W.F. Boron, E.L. Boulpaep: Fisiologia Medica (Edra)
G. Rindi, E. Manni: Fisiologia Umana (UTET)
Vander: Fisiologia (Casa Editrice Ambrosiana)
W.F. Boron, E. L. Boulpaep: Fisiologia Medica (EDRA)
William F. Ganong, Kim E. Barrett, Susan M. Barman, S. Boitano, Heddwen L. Brooks: Fisiologia medica di Ganong (Piccin)

More Information

Slides of all teaching activities are available on-line to all students

Questionnaire and social

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