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Lingua Insegnamento

Informazioni aggiuntive

Course Curriculum CFU Length(h)
[40/39]  MEDICINE AND SURGERY [39/00 - Ord. 2015]  PERCORSO COMUNE 9 90


The course allows the student to acquire the theoretical and operational skills in the physiology of organ systems and functional mechanisms of control with particular reference to morpho-functional, molecular and cellular aspects.
The course of Human Physiology provides students with basic skills in preparation for the training of Doctor of Medicine.
The course aims at stimulating the objective assessment of teaching by constantly proposing a comparison between the theoretical content offered during the lectures and stimulates its ability to make independent judgments on the critical evaluation of experimental data.
The course contributes to the learning of the language of science and biomedical research, thus allowing students to argue in a precise and rigorous manner on topics of physiology with specialists and non-specialists.
The knowledge acquired by students during the course of Human Physiology enables them to perform a continuous updating of their skills in the field of Physiology


The propedeutic examinations are Physics and Biochemistry


General principles: homeostasis and its control systems. Regulation of the composition of body fluids. Transmembrane transports. Resting membrane potential. Action potentials. Local potentials. Synapses. Bioelectrical signal transduction. Sensory receptors.
Muscular System: neuromuscular junction. Mechanism of contraction. Muscle fiber types and their metabolism. Physiology of skeletal, cardiac and smooth muscles.
Cardiovascular System: Elements of cardiac function. Properties of the vascular system. Integrated regulation and control of the heart and vascular system.

2nd semester (term):
The respiratory system: structure and function. Static and dynamic mechanical properties of the lung and the chest. Ventilation and perfusion. Transport of respiratory gases. Control of breathing. Non-respiratory functions of the lung.
The gastrointestinal system: functional anatomy and principles of regulation of the gastrointestinal system. Integrated response to the ingestion of food: cephalic phase, gastric, small intestine and colon. The liver and its functions.
The kidney: elements of renal function. Transport of water and solutes along the nephron. Control of osmolality and volume of body fluids. Homeostasis of potassium, calcium and phosphate. Role of the kidney in the regulation of acid-base balance.
The endocrine and reproductive systems: hormonal regulation of energy metabolism. Hormonal regulation of the metabolism of calcium and phosphate. The hypothalamic-pituitary axis. Thyroid. Parathyroid glands. Adrenal glands.
Male and female reproductive systems.
Physiology of nutrition: factors that influence energy metabolism.

Teaching Methods

Up front lessons 72 hours
Seminars 18 hours

Verification of learning

EVEN Channel. Written test on the topics of the first semester. The test consists of 6 multi-answer quizzes (2 points each) + 3 open questions (6 points each) for a total of 30 points.
Written test on the topics of the II semester (same mechanism as that of the first one) + oral interview on topics of the whole program with particular focus on those in which, on the basis of the written test results, the candidate showed insufficient levels of preparation..
The final vote is the result of the arithmetic mean of the results of the 2 written tests weighted with the outcome of the final interview. The maximum vote is thirty/thirtieths.

ODD Channel. Written test on the topics of the first semester. The test consists of 30 quizzes with three responses each of which only one is correct. Each correct answer is worth one point for a total of 30 points. Final Examination: Interview on topics of the whole program, with particular focus on those in which, on the basis of the written test results, the candidate showed insufficient levels of preparation. The final vote is the result of the weighted average of the first semester written test and the second semester interview. The maximum vote is thirty/thirtieths.


R. M. Berne, M. N. Levy: Fisiologia (Casa editrice Ambrosiana-Milano)
V. Taglietti, C. Casella: Principi di fisiologia e biofiisica della cellula, Vol I-IV (La Goliardica Pavese)
D. U. Silverthorn: Fisiologia (Casa editrice Ambrosiana-Milano)
W.F. Boron, E.L. Boulpaep: Fisiologia Medica (Edra)
G. Rindi, E. Manni: Fisiologia Umana (UTET)
Vander: Fisiologia (Casa Editrice Ambrosiana)
W.F. Boron, E. L. Boulpaep: Fisiologia Medica (EDRA)

More Information

Slides of all teaching activities are available on-line to all students

Questionnaire and social

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