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Lingua Insegnamento

Informazioni aggiuntive

Course Curriculum CFU Length(h)
[40/39]  MEDICINE AND SURGERY [39/00 - Ord. 2015]  PERCORSO COMUNE 12 145


Aim of the integrated course of respiratory and cardiovascular diseases is to offer to the students knowledge and skills on the principal respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. For this reason all the topics are treated on the basis of the following pattern:
1. Classification: physiopathological, pathological and clinical
2. Epidemiology
3. Risk factors and etiology
4. Pathophysiology and pathogenesis to understand the clinical presentation
5. Pathology and its correlations with the clinical presentation
6. Symptoms and differential diagnosis
7. Schedule of diagnostic exams
8. Prevention
9. Treatment


The students have to take the exam of Pathology, Pathophysiology and Clinical Methodology


All the topics have been treated on the basis of the following pattern:

Teaching unit
Respiratory pathophysiology
- Evaluation of patients suffering respiratory diseases
- Physiopathology and indications of the diagnostic investigations and measures to evaluate pulmonary function, particularly pulmonary function test, bronchial challenge test, DLCO, arterial blood gas test,
- Definition, physiopathology, classification, diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic respiratory failure
Respiratory diseases
Acute and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases
Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS)
Pulmonary infections
Environmental lung diseases
Lung and mediastinal tumors
Pleural diseases
Respiratory Failure
Vascular diseases
Diffuse interstitial lung disease
Lung role in the systemic autoimmune diseases (IPAF)

Teaching Unit
Cardiovascular diseases
Atherosclerotic disease : epidemiology, risk factors, clinical presentation, primary and secondary prevention.
Arterial hypertension
Angina pectoris and acute myocardial infarction. Coronary angioplasty and intracoronary stents
Pericardial diseases
Valvular heart diseases. Interventional therapies. Prosthetic valves.
Congenital heart diseases
Infective endocarditis. Population at risk and prevention.
Acute and chronic heart failure. Cardiogenic shock. Mechanical circulatory support and cardiac transplantation
Pulmonary Hypertension
Thromboembolic venous disease. Population at risk and prevention
Arrhythmias. Interventional therapies. Syncope, sudden cardiac death and resuscitation
Teaching Unit
Vascular surgery
Peripheral obstructive arterial disease
Acute arterial ischemia
Acute and chronic mesenteric ischemia
Aortic abdominal and thoracic aneurysms
Peripheral arterial aneurysms: subclavian and popliteal aneurysms
Visceral arterial aneurysms: splenic, hepatic, renal and mesenteric aneurysms
Dissecting aortic aneurysm
Extracranial carotid and vertebral disease
Thoracic outlet syndrome
Chronic venous disease
Deep venous thrombosis and its complications
Brief notes of cardiac surgery
CABG procedures and pump
Cardiac transplantation
Heart valve surgery
Thoracic surgery
Pneumothorax: spontaneous and secondary; open, closed and tension pneumothorax
Lung abscess, pleural empyema
Thoracic trauma
Pulmonary hydatidosis
Mediastinal syndrome
Lung cancer
Pleural mesothelioma

Teaching Methods

Teachers base the lectures on the presentation of different topics and clinical cases using slides and video. Moreover the students are involved in the lessons and this interactive teaching is more evident during the optional programs organized by each teacher.
The professional training is performed in different clinical units and in laboratories where students learn symptoms, physical examination and their interpretation on the basis of the patients’ medical history; pulmonary functional tests, non-invasive and invasive diagnostic examinations in thoracic as well as in cardiovascular diseases. Students attend diagnostic examinations and, when possible, thoracic and vascular surgical procedures.

At the end of the course teachers will give to the students slides /video used during the lessons

Verification of learning

The examination is based on an oral question which allows to evaluate the readiness of the students (knowledges, ability to link them using proper terminology) in each teaching unit.
The final grade is decided by all teachers and it represents the student’s comprehensive knowledge of all matters included in the integrated course


Harrison: Medicina Interna (Mc Graw-Hill);
JB West:Fisiopatologia respiratoria (Piccin);
Allegra, Blasi, Canonica, Centanni, Girbino: Malattie Respiratorie: L’Essenziale ( Elsevier Masson)
L Casali: Manuale di Malattie dell’Apparato Respiratorio (Masson)
A Casalini: Pneumologia interventistica (Springler);
E.M. Clini; G. Pelaia - Manuale di Pneumologia - EdiSES
Core curriculum - Cardiologia
Autori A. Branzi e FM Picchio
McGrawHill Education – 2013
Dionigi R.: “Chirurgia generale” VI edizione
Colombo-Paletto: Trattato di chirurgia (UTET)
Rutherford: Vascular Surgery

More Information

Students will be received after an e-mail to the teachers
Teaching language: italian

Questionnaire and social

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