Teachings

Select Academic Year:     2017/2018 2018/2019 2019/2020 2020/2021 2021/2022 2022/2023
Professor
ANTONIO CRISAFULLI (Tit.)
Period
Annual 
Teaching style
Convenzionale 
Lingua Insegnamento
 



Informazioni aggiuntive

Course Curriculum CFU Length(h)
[40/39]  MEDICINE AND SURGERY [39/00 - Ord. 2015]  PERCORSO COMUNE 9 90
[40/40]  UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF DENTISTRY [40/00 - Ord. 2018]  PERCORSO COMUNE 9 90

Objectives

The knowledge of principles of body homeostasis and of the maintenance of good health and human wellness
The knowledge of main mechanisms of cell functioning and inter-cell communication
The knowledge of physiological functions of the various organs and systems of human body
The knowledge of functional integration among functions of organs and systems
The knowledge of principles of physio-pathology of main organs and systems

Prerequisites

The knowledge of principles of physic and biochemistry

Contents

Concept of homeostasis and of physiology
Principles of cell physiology
Bio-energetics and principles of human nutrition
Thermoregulation
The muscle:
1. Molecular basis of muscle contraction
2. Neuro-muscle junction.
3. Mechanical proprieties of striated muscle.
4. Tension/length and velocity/length diagrams. Characteristics of red slow and fast muscle fibres.
5. Muscle energetics.
6. Strength, power, efficiency and muscle fatigue.
7. Principles of human locomotion.
8. Smooth muscle: proprieties and modality of contraction..
Digestive system:
1. Food digestion and absorption .
2. The functioning of the various segments of digestive systems.

The endocrine system:
1. Hormones and their functions: general view.
2. The hypophysis and its hormones..
3. Hypophysis-hypothalamus-suprarenal gland axis. Suprarenal hormones.
4. Sex hormones and the regulation of their secretion.
5. Thyroid and the regulation of cell metabolism. Parathyroid glands and calcium homeostasis.
6. Pancreas e glucose metabolism.

Kidney and urinary system:
1. Body liquids and body hydration. Acid-base equilibrium.
2. The kidney functioning.
3. Mechanisms of urine formation and concentration. Ions and metabolites reabsorption..
4. Kidney hormones.
5. Ureter and bladder physiology. Urination.
Lung and respiratory apparatus:
1. Functional anatomy of lung and respiratory tract.
2. Respiratory parameters and mechanics.
3. Respiratory resistance and work. Alveolar physiology.
4. Gas exchange and diffusion. Ventilation/perfusion ratio.
5. Respiratory Gases transport.
6. Chemical and nervous regulation of respiration.
7. The role of respiration in the acid-base equilibrium.
Circulation:
1. Main characteristics of cardiac tissue.
2. Electrocardiography basis.
3. Cardiac mechanics.
4. Cardiac output, cardiac work, and metabolism.
5. Nervous control of the circulation.
6. Principles of hemodynamics.
7. Coronary circulation.
8. Pulmonary and general circulation.
9. Exchange across capillaries. Lymphatic system.

Teaching Methods

Lectures with slides in ppt format.
Interactive software (Mentimeter) to verify acquired knowledge.
Practise in the Laboratory for: blood pressure assessment, ECG, spirometry, and hemodynamics.

Verification of learning

At the end of the first semester, testing in progress to evaluate the level of acquired knowledge. Oral final exam at the end of the course. Only taught topics will be the subjects of examination

Texts

Berne-Levy (Casa editrice Ambrosiana)
Rindi-Manni (UTET)
Schimdt-Thews-Lang (Idelson-Gnocchi)
Ganong (Piccin)
Sherwood (Piccin)
Vander (Casa editrice Ambrosiana)

More Information

Students can contact the teacher using this email crisaful@unica.it

Questionnaire and social

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