Teachings

Select Academic Year:     2017/2018 2018/2019 2019/2020 2020/2021 2021/2022 2022/2023
Professor
MARINA QUARTU (Tit.)
ROBERTO STANCAMPIANO
Period
First Semester 
Teaching style
Convenzionale 
Lingua Insegnamento
 



Informazioni aggiuntive

Course Curriculum CFU Length(h)
[40/39]  MEDICINE AND SURGERY [39/00 - Ord. 2015]  PERCORSO COMUNE 7 70

Objectives

By the end of the course and upon a successful final exam, the student is expected to have acquired:
- a basic, working knowledge of the structural and functional organization of the human central nervous system, down to the microscopic level, instrumental to the understanding of pathophysiological changes;
- a reasonable ability to communicate on the major topics covered in the course, using appropriate terminology, as well as to address open and in depth questions on his/her own;
- a reasonable ability to elaborate acquired informations and knowledge, hence to approach effectively subsequent clinical courses, as well as courses on diagnostic and therapeutic methods.

Prerequisites

Knowledge of Histology and Human Anatomy

Contents

Neuroanatomy
General organization, parts of central nervous system; surface anatomy, interconnections. Basic neuroembryology (even numbered course). Spinal cord: segments, laminae (local circuitry). Ascending, descending, modulatory pathways. Spinal nerves and ganglia.
Brain Stem: pathways, brainstem and cranial nerve nuclei, reticular formation; modulatory systems.
Cerebellum: parts, nuclei and connections, cerebellar cortex.
Diencephalon: thalamus and connections; hypothalamus: main nuclei, connections, neuro-endocrine interactions.
Basal Nuclei: striatum and globus pallidus (dorsal and ventral), subthalamic n., substantia nigra: major circuits.
Telencephalon: cerebral cortex, cortical areas and connections.
Limbic structures.
Afferent systems: spino-bulbo-thalamo-cortical, spino-thalamo-cortical, spino-cerebellar, trigeminal pathways. Modulatory pathways.
Motor systems: direct and indirect (extrapyramidal) pathways. Visceral nervous system: afferents and efferents; integrative, premotor, preganglionic centers; ganglia (enteric nervous system).
Gustatory and olfactory receptors, pathways, cortical areas.
Eye: tunics, dioptric systems, accessory organs; retina; visual and other pathways.
External and middle ear, tubes, mastoid apparatus. Bony and membranous labyrinth, organ of Corti. Cochlear nuclei and connections, auditory pathways.
Vestibular receptors, vestibular nuclei and connections.
Meninges. Cerebral ventricles, choroid plexuses and cerebrospinal fluid circulation. Vascularization and microcirculation of the brain, blood-brain barrier, circum-ventricular organs.

Neurophysiology
Introduction to neurophysiology.
Membrane potential.
Action potential.
Synapse.
Neurotransmitters.
Second messengers.
Sensory system.
The perception of pain.
Visual function.
Auditory function.
Vestibular apparatus.
Motor systems.
Motor changes in Parkinsons’ disease (uneven numbered course).
Reflexes.
Autonomic Nervous System.
Hypothalamic pituitary axis.
Learning and memory.
Sleep.

Teaching Methods

Teaching will take place in the form of plenary Lectures.
Class discussion will be regularly prompted by faculty, in order to facilitate comprehension of specific subject areas.
During teaching sessions, and especially so over the last quarter of the course duration, time will be dedicated to answering and discussing Students’ questions or requests, e.g. reviewing specific content areas.

Verification of learning

Oral examination.
The student will be required to discuss a number of themes proposed by the examining committee (composed of the Course’s Professors). The student may use graphs, or short summaries he/she will draw during the exam itself.
Will be assessed: knowledge and competence; the use of appropriate language and denominations; capacity for logical reasoning, for synthesis, for connecting different portions of the overall Course’s program in order to delineate a comprehensive view.

A “pass” assessment will be expressed as a number between 18 and 30, as an overall assessment on the part of the examining committee, on the basis of the answers provided on the themes proposed. For each theme proposed, the student will be required to demonstrate at least a basic level of knowledge and competence.

Students will enroll for exams on the web (ESSE3).
Exam dates are published on the web site of the Degree Course.
Should many students be enrolled for a specific date, their individual exams will be distributed over several subsequent days.

Texts

Neuroanatomy
-- Anastasi ed altri
Trattato di ANATOMIA UMANA, Vol. 3, EdiErmes
-- Gaudio et al.,
SISTEMA NERVOSO CENTRALE (XII ediz ISTITUZ. ANATOMIA DELL'UOMO, Testo/Atlante) PICCIN (in Italian);
-- Fitzgerald, or: Fitzgerald et al.:
NEUROANATOMY, or: NEUROANATOMY basic and clinical,
various publishers, including: Elsevier.
-- Additional suggestion: Felten, Shetty – Netter’s Atlas of Neuroscience.

Neurophysiology
-- Kandel, Schwartz, Jessel: Principles of Neural Science
-- Purves et al.: Neuroscience

More Information

Students’ Consultations

NEUROANATOMY
Prof. Quartu** will be available upon appointment or via e-mail.

NEUROPHYSIOLOGY
Prof. Stancampiano** will be available upon appointment (to be requested via e-mail).

For Faculty e-mail addresses see: Faculty of Medicine

Questionnaire and social

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