Teachings

Select Academic Year:     2016/2017 2017/2018 2018/2019 2019/2020 2020/2021 2021/2022
Professor
MARCO SCHINTU (Tit.)
LUIGI MINERBA
Period
Second Semester 
Teaching style
Convenzionale 
Lingua Insegnamento
 



Informazioni aggiuntive

Course Curriculum CFU Length(h)
[40/39]  MEDICINE AND SURGERY [39/00 - Ord. 2015]  PERCORSO COMUNE 7 70
[40/40]  UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF DENTISTRY [40/00 - Ord. 2015]  PERCORSO COMUNE 7 70

Objectives

Essential knowledge about epidemiology and the principles of health management (including mechanisms that determine the fairness of access to healthcare, the effectiveness and quality of care). Competences and knowledge in health and disease determinants, such as lifestyle, genetic, demographic, environmental, socio-economic, psychological and cultural factors in the population as a whole (such knowledge will be related to the state of international health and the impact on globalization. Major prevention actions.

Acquire measurement and error concepts and statistical methodologies for quantitative data analysis. Knowledge of the main concepts and tools used by medical statistic, applied to observational and experimental clinical studies, clinical epidemiology and basic studies, Acquiring the concept of medical uncertainty by defining the role of probability and the concept of random variable And probability distribution for the interpretation of biological phenomena.
Applying their knowledge to the understanding and resolution of the health problems of groups and populations, also relevant to new themes, embedded in broad and interdisciplinary contexts. Recognize the complexity of the health problems of the population and social groups between biological and socio-cultural determinants. To be able to take appropriate preventative and protective actions against disease by maintaining and promoting the health of the individual, the family, and the community. Refer to the basic organization of health systems, including policies, organization, funding, cost-effective measures and efficient management principles in the proper delivery of healthcare.
Being able to properly use local, regional and national surveillance data on demography and epidemiology in health decisions.

Specific competences in: perform spatial measurements, time and frequency, represent the results obtained in table and graphical form, perform a statistical analysis of the results obtained with the above procedures, perform a probability evaluation, analyze a distribution Of probability and its fundamental parameters, comparing the mean and sample ratios using common and appropriate statistical tests, evaluating the independence of events in contingency tables
Consider the importance and limitations of scientific information-based thinking, obtained from various resources, to establish the cause, treatment and disease prevention. Seek scientific information independently. Be aware of the role of complexity, uncertainty and probability in decisions taken during medical practice. Formulate hypothesis, collect and critically evaluate data to solve problems.
Summarize and present appropriate information to the needs of the audience. Ability to exhibit and communicate quantitative results. Ability to highlight and illustrate the differences between the results of observations and different treatments
The student will be able to collect, organize and interpret critically new scientific knowledge and health / biomedical information from the various resources and databases available. You will be able to identify your training needs.

Prerequisites

No

Contents

MEDICAL STATISTICS
The methods of research and evidence
Measures, data, variables, frequencies, rate and proportions, central tendency and dispersion
Graphical representations
Probability and Probability Distributions
Population and sample; standard error ;
Confidence interval
Statistical inference;
Statistical tests (z,t,chi-square)
Correlation and regression




EPIDEMIOLOGY
Epidemiology and public health
Definition, scope and uses of epidemiology
Defining health and disease
Health determinants
Primary, secondary and tertiary prevention
Epidemiological studies
Descriptive epidemiology
Measuring disease frequency
Data collection
Data Sources
Ad hoc research: survey questionnaire costruction
Sampling methods: random, systematic, stratified, cluster, convenience and quota sampling
Cohort studies
Case-Control studies
Experimental studies
Potential errors in epidemiological studies: selection and information bias
Survival Analysis: Kaplan Meier



HIGYENE
Causation: the concept of cause, sufficient and/or necessary causes, establishing the cause of a disease
Preventing: high risk and population strategies
Health education
Health promotion
The Ottawa Charter
Health communication
Screening
Health Organization
LEA (core health care levels)


Infection prevention and control
Sources and reservoir of infection
Isolation and contumacy
Disinfection and sterilization
Vaccine and immunoprophylaxis
Disinfection and sterilization method
Chain of infection
Health care associated infection
Surveillance systems
Hand hygiene
Water pollution
Wast management

Collection and removal of waste
Waste separation
Waste disposal
Waste Legislation
Atmospheric pollution
Atmospheric air
Causes of atmospheric pollution
Principal causes of air pollution
Health and Atmospheric pollution
Atmospheric pollution and ambient impact
Indoor pollution
Microclimate, comfort and discomfort
Foul air
Physical contaminant
Chemical contaminants
Biological contaminants

Food Hygiene
Alimentary infection and toss infection
Hazard-Analysis and Control of Critical Points HACCP

Teaching Methods

Interactive lectures

Verification of learning

"In itinere" test after I semester for Statistics and Epidemiology: 16 multichoice questions (9 statistics, 7 epidemiology; one point for each correct answer).
"In itinere" test after II semester for Hygiene: 16 multichoice questions (one point for each correct answer)
For students who did not complete "in itinere" tests: 16 multichoice questions (one point for each correct answer)

Texts

Barbuti S, Fara GM, Giammanco G
Igiene, Medicina Preventiva, Sanità Pubblica
EDISES

-Marc M. Triola, M. D. Mario F. Triola, Statistica per le discipline biosanitarie”, Pearson

More Information

no

Questionnaire and social

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