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Second Semester 
Teaching style
Lingua Insegnamento

Informazioni aggiuntive

Course Curriculum CFU Length(h)
[40/35]  SPORT AND EXERCISE SCIENCE [35/00 - Ord. 2019]  PERCORSO COMUNE 6 36


KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING: The aim of the course is to provide general knowledge about the processes of macro-and micro-evolution of Man. A specific attention will be paid to the variability and adaptation of human being to the environmental pressure. Besides, it will be analyzed the interaction between motor activity and morphology.
APPLYING KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING: The course also aims to provide fundamental knowledge of anthropometry, in relation to its aims and its applications. Moreover, it aims to provide the ability to elaborate and interpretate an anthropometric sheet.
MAKING JUDGEMENTS: The course offers the opportunity to learn the techniques and methods used in anthropometry and in auxology, knowing which measures are more adapted to a specific aim.
COMMUNICATION SKILLS: The acquired knowledge will enable to evaluate the human biodiversity, using an appropriate scientific language.
LEARNING SKILLS: autonomous consultation of databases, publications and information sources accredited at national and international level: scientific publications, Searching engine, Web sites.


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Introduction to Anthropology: history, interest, and utility.
Human evolution: The stages of Human evolution, evolution of bipedalism and relative biomechanics: standing, walking, running, jumping.
Evolution and selection: the theory of evolution and evolution factors. The different form of selection. Fitness and survival strategy.
Human variability: Human polytypism, and polymorphysm.
Elements of biological anthropology. Genetic variability in human populations. Gene and sport performance.
Human adaptation: genetic, phenotipic, and cultural adaptation. Adaptation to different environments.
Auxology: Growth and development, environmental factors influencing growth, growth reference charts for national and regional populations. Use of growth chart. Secular trend.
Elements of Biotipology. The somatotype.
Human Races: the scientific fallacy of the human biological concept of Races.
Anthropometry: Anthropometric instruments, measurement description and recommended techniques. Landmarks and the main measurement segments: cephalometry, thoracometry, limb measurements, and anthropometric indexes. Elements of plicometry.
Statistical analysis of anthropometric data.
Elements of ergonomy.
Elements of evolutionary medicine and maladaptation diseases.

Teaching Methods

Teaching will be organized in frontal classes, integrated and "augmented" with online strategies, in order to guarantee its use in an innovative and inclusive way.
Teaching methods: active learning through explanation, demonstration, discussion. Each lesson will be supported by power point presentation. Whenever possible, the frontal lesson is interactive, based on students' questions that have the function of stimulating reasoning and therefore a dynamic understanding of concepts.

Verification of learning

Written in itinere tests and oral final exam.
The final exam of the course is based on the evaluation of one and/or more written tests, consisting of multiple choice questions and/or open questions. As a supplement to the evaluation may be required monothematic research and an oral exposition of the contents.
The evaluation of the exam takes into account several factors:
1. Correctness of the contents;
2. Congruence of the answer in relation to the question and deepening of the contents;
3. Ability to connect different topics;
4. Ability to synthesis also through the use of the symbolism proper to matter;
5. Expressive capacity and appropriate use of the specific language of the discipline.

The final score of the exam is assigned by a vote expressed in thirtieths and it is based on the average of the evaluation of the tests and the oral exam it takes into account both the laboratory and oral parts.
To pass the exam, reporting a grade not lower than 18/30, the student must demonstrate that he has acquired sufficient knowledge of the human evolution, environmental adaptation and the basis of anthropometry and auxology and to be able to argue with sufficient clarity.
Votes above 26 will be awarded to students whose tests meet all four aspects listed above.
To achieve a score of 30/30 cum laude, the student must instead demonstrate that he has acquired excellent knowledge of all the topics covered during the course, knowing how to argue correctly and fluently and have a good property of scientific language.

Who does not pass the test, or whoever prefer, can take a unique and global exam at the end of the course or in the established data.
During the test, the use of books, other texts PC, tablet or smartphone is forbitten.


B. Chiarelli, R. Bigazzi, L. Sineo (2004) “Lineamenti di Antropologia per le Scienze Motorie",Piccin Editore.
T.G. Lohman, A.F. Roche, R. Martorell (1992)“Manuale di riferimento per la standardizzazione antropometrica”, Edra edizioni.
Materials provided by the teacher

More Information

The power point presentation will be provided by request of the students.
The inscription proceed by ESSE3, For specific information on the appeal (Classroom, time, etc.) call the following number: 0706754129 or send an email to the following email address:

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