The role of cognitive reserve as mediator for addition and multiplication skills in late adulthood

Mulas I.
Ruiu M.
Fastame M. C.


Background: The role played by cognitive reserve for the maintenance of numeracy skills in late adulthood is still not sufficiently explored. Aims: This study mainly investigated whether cognitive reserve (i.e., vocabulary) mediates on the relationship between non-verbal reasoning and addition and multiplication skills of older individuals. Moreover, the impact of schooling and gender on written calculation was examined, controlling for the effect of cognitive decline. Methods: One hundred and six 68–94-year-old participants completed a battery of tests assessing numeracy, executive functions, and cognitive reserve skills. Results: Significant correlations were found between age, cognitive reserve, numeracy, and executive functions measures. Besides, mediation analyses indicated that cognitive reserve and non-verbal reasoning explain 23% and 29% of the variance in written addition and multiplication conditions, respectively. Finally, more educated individuals performed better numeracy tasks, whereas the solution of additions and multiplications was not impact by gender. Conclusions: Cognitive reserve impacts numeracy in late adulthood.
Aging; Cognitive reserve; Executive functions; Numeracy; Written calculation
Files in This Item:
File Size Format  
2021 Mulas Ruiu Fastame ACER Cogn Reserve Mathem Aging.pdf

Solo gestori archivio

Type: versione editoriale
Size 471.25 kB
Format Adobe PDF
471.25 kB Adobe PDF & nbsp; View / Open   Request a copy

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Questionnaire and social

Share on:
Impostazioni cookie