||Starting from the investigations conducted in the last few years in the field of medicine and welfare, this research has its main aim in identifying and understanding the functions, the role and the internal structure of healthcare camps within Sardinian mining sector., and particularly in the mining site of Montevecchio, through the census of archival sources retrieved in the island’s mining archives. The tormented sequel of events characterising this mining site have resulted in a conspicuous documentary production later stored in a number of archive groups partitioned amongst various archival institution: the Archivio Storico del Comune di Iglesias (Historical Archive of the Council of Iglesias), the Archivio Documentale della Miniera di Montevecchio (Documentary Archive of Montevecchio Mine) and the Archivio del Distretto Minerario della Sardegna (Archive of the Mining District of Sardinia). The in-depth archival research resulted in the retrieval of 476 units, including fascicules and registries covering the time frame from 1990 to 1991: The first seeach step was that of outlining an analytic data sheet, which would allow the researcher to identify the relevant data for a census of the documents, while a second step consisted in a more detailed analysis of the documentary sources, divided according into two main strands: documents on work-related injuries and documents on industrial disease (“scadenziari” of injuries, court records, patients’ lists, etc.) For each document another data sheet has been produce in order to describe any data useful for the research. The results have been ‘normalised’ and transcribed in the documentary appendix, resulting into two fairly complete instruments to conduct further research: the first one contains the archival units on work-related injuries and supplies the consultation indexes catalogued and divided within each single mining site; the second one focuses on ‘techno-pathologies’ (pathologies whose origin comes from the typology of job) and, as in the first case, enriched by consultation indexes divided according to the categories of mining sites, industrial diseases, job tasks and names of the workers. At the same time that the archival research was conducted, a study on the norms regulating the mining sector from 1865 to 1959 has been conducted with the aim of verifying whether any specific norm concerning the prevention of injuries and industrial diseases existed at the time. Finally, the last phase of the research included the analysis of the documents in light of the main literature on the subject. The situation of the injury paths in Sardinian mining contexts has been traced back with a focus on the years 1880-1970, and particularly on the situation of Montevecchio mine. Regarding the latter, all fatal injuries occurred between 1863 and 1996 have been identified listed. For what concerns industrial diseases, though a study on the medical literature dealing with heath issues for workers employed in mining sites, a list of pathologies afflicting Montevecchio’s workers form the 1930s to the 1980s has been drafted. Given the results produced, this research can be considered a paradigm to be used in the future to conduct further studies on base metals mines within broader Italian and international scenarios and, at the same time I t can be intended as a first step towards a clearer definition of the characteristic of mining compartment within Sardinia.