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First Semester 
Teaching style
Lingua Insegnamento

Informazioni aggiuntive

Course Curriculum CFU Length(h)
[40/44]  PHYSIOTHERAPY [44/00 - Ord. 2017]  PERCORSO COMUNE 8 64


Musculoskeletal disease Course includes the following modules:
- Orthopaedics and Traumatology (MED/33)
- Rheumatology (MED/16)
- Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation in Musculoskeletal disease (MED/34)
- Physical Terapy in Musculoskeletal disease (MED/48)
BASIC KNOWLEDGE AND COMPREHENSION CAPACITY: The student is required to know the epidemiology, risk factors and principal clinical manifestations of musculoskeletal diseases.
APPLICATION CAPACITIES: the student must be able to apply both diagnostic and therapeutic strategies of musculoskeletal diseases. In addition, he is required to critically analyze and evaluate alternative hypothesis and differential diagnosis. The student must therefore be able to rationally and efficiently choose among the available diagnostic tools in order to reach a final and correct diagnosis and to subsequently choose the right therapy.
AUTONOMY JUDGEMENT: The student will learn to acquire and integrate anamnestic and instrumental data in order to formulate a diagnostic judgement in the context of musculoskeletal diseases.
COMMUNICATION CAPACITY: The student will learn to present relevant data regarding a specific clinical case and to properly expose the development of diagnostic pathways and the results of therapeutic interventions.
COMPREHENSION CAPACITY: The student will learn to acquire new information and to enforce his cultural background in a critical way through the consultation and interpretation of recent scientific literature.


Anatomy and pathophysiology of musculoskeletal systems, diagnostic imaging, kinesitherapy.


ORTHOPEDICS AND TRAUMATOLOGY 3 CFU (MED/33) This part is divided in 3 main areas: evolutionary age skeletal diseases. 2) Degenerative articular diseases of the adults. 3) skeletal traumatic injuries and capsule-ligaments damages .
This part is divided in 4 main ares: 1) basic elements of the phatogenesis of reumatological diseases. . 2) 3) and 4) clinical characteristics and treatment principles of the chronics inflammatory reumatisms, of the principals osteochondral diseases and the extra-articular reumatisms.
The program includes: general principles concerning the discipline, exercise therapy, physical therapy, medical aid and healthcare facilities. The clinical model of Low Back Pain is presented.
Fundamentals of hand rehabilitation (functional assessment; orthotic intervention; physical therapy approach; exercise-based rehabilitation; advanced rehabilitation techniques; EBM in hand rehabilitation)
Principles of musculo-skeletal rehabilitation for the lower limb (rehabilitative guidelines for ligamentous and cartilaginous lesions of the hip, knee and ankle; EBM perspectives)
Principles of musculo-skeletal rehabilitation for the upper limb (rehabilitative guidelines for the shoulder complex and elbow joint; EBM perspectives)
Fundamentals of fractures’ management, physical therapy and exercise-based and rehabilitation: EBM perspectives)

Teaching Methods

The entire course will include both frontal lectures presented thought PowerPoint presentations and clinical practice though the attendance of clinical ward, day hospital, clinic and endoscopy unit. The frontal lecture may be integrated by innovative teaching routes (active learning) through the analysis and interpretation of clinical cases. In agreement with the Manifesto degli Studi for the AA 2020-2021 (pag.12): “teaching will be contemporary held both by frontal lesson and online, delineating a joint teaching that could be held both in university classrooms or through online education activities. Each student is required to choose between frontal or distance lessons at the beginning of the semester. This will be a binding choice for the entire semester. If the number of the students exceeds the maximum classroom seating capacity, determined by the state sanitary regulations to fight the Covid-19 pandemics, the access to the didactic units will be regulated though a rounding system that will be communicated in time to the interested students.

Verification of learning

The final exam will be based on a written or oral test.
The written exam will be composed of multiple-choice questions.
The oral exam will include 3 open questions on 3 different topics present on the program that could be also presented as clinical cases. Every answer will be evaluated with a score ranging from 0 to 10.
In both cases, the maximum final grade that could be achieved is 30. The exam will be considered as passed if at least a grade of 18/30 has been achieved.
The comprehension of course covered topics, as well as the ability to formulate valid diagnostic hypothesis and to verify them through an opportune and valuable diagnostic planning, will be evaluated. The knowledge of non specialistic therapies for the examinated pathologies will also be evaluated. Finally, the expression capacity, the use of appropriate scientific language and the ability to synthetize information will be assessed.
The final grade will take into account:
Manifested quality of the knowledge, capacities and competences:
a) Knowledge pertinence, accuracy and consistency
b) Capacity pertinence, accuracy and consistency
c) Competences pertinence, accuracy and consistency
Expository modalities:
a) Expressive capacity.
b) Appropriate and correct use of specific discipline-related language.
c) Logic reasoning capabilities in contents connection.
e) Ability to create links between different topics focusing on common points, and to make a general coherent speech, taking care of the structure, organization and logic connections of the speech.
f) Ability to synthetize information.
The final grade can be:
a) Sufficient (18 to 20/30)
Scarcity of acquired notions, superficial level of knowledge with numerous gaps, simple expressive capacities but sufficient to sustain a coherent speech. The capacity to link different topics lays at an elementary level. Scarce ability to synthetize and to interact with the professor during the interview.
b) Decent (21 to 23)
Reasonable quantity of acquired notions, but scarce in-depth analysis. Few knowledge gaps. Expressive capacities adequate to sustain a coherent speech and acceptable scientific language fluency. The ability to logically link different topics lays at a moderate complexity level. Adequate ability to synthetize and to interact with the professor during the interview.
c) Good (24 to 26)
Wide knowledge, moderate in-depth analysis, with little gaps; satisfying expressive capacities and significative scientific language fluency; well recognizable ability to dialog and acceptable critical sensibility. Good ability to synthetize and to interact with the professor during the interview.
d) Very good (27 to 29)
Extensive and deeply analyzed knowledge, with only negligible gaps; notable expressive capacities and high scientific language fluency; remarkable ability to dialog and inclination to synthetize and to interact with the professor during the interview.
e) Excellent (30)
Exceptionally extensive and deeply analyzed knowledge, eventually with irrelevant gaps. Very high expressive capacities and scientific language fluency, excellent ability to dialog, exceptional inclination to create links between different topics, outstanding ability to synthetize and to interact with the professor during the interview.
The laude will be awarded to the candidates that demonstrate to be remarkably above the average, whose eventual expressional, conceptual, logical and notional limits result to be mainly irrelevant.


Manuale di Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Giannini S, Faldini C., Edizioni Minerva Medica
Reumatologia Per Le Professioni Sanitarie – UNIREUMA – Editore Idelson-Gnocchi
Malattie Reumatiche di Silvano Todesco, P. Franca Gambari. Ed. Mc-Graw-Hill
Riabilitazione ortopedica, Brotzman

More Information

At the end of the lessons, the teachers will provide educational material. The exam registrations will take place through ESSE3 platform.
The exam could be sustained by all the students who attended at least 70% of the total frontal lectures hours and at least 50% of each lesson module and after a complete attendance of all hours required for the practical professionalizing activity.

Prof. Capone Antonio (MED/33)
Prof. Alberto Cauli(MED/16 REUMATOLOGIA)
Struttura Complessa di Reumatologia, Policlinico AOU, Monserrato (CA), 07051096385

Prof. Marco Monticone (MED/34),
Struttura Complessa di Neuroriabilitazione, AOBrotzu, P.le Ricchi 1 Cagliari.

Prof. Masala Francesco e-mail:
Neuroriabilitazione AO Brotzu, Cagliari

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