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Second Semester 
Teaching style
Lingua Insegnamento

Informazioni aggiuntive

Course Curriculum CFU Length(h)


The course “International Environmental Law & Policy” is given in the second term of the second year of the Corso di Laurea Magistrale in “Sustainable Tourism Management and Monitoring”. It pursues a three-fold aim: a) to provide students with basic knowledge as to the functioning of the international and UE legal orders, having regard to their sources of law, their compliance mechanisms, and their incorporation within the Italian legal order; b) to offer a broad introduction to the principles governing international and EU environmental law, by paying particular heed to the foundational principle of sustainable development; c) to show how this legal framework applies to tourist management.
Under the Dublin Descriptors, the Course Learning Outcomes are as follows:

1) Knowledge and understanding
Students will learn:
- the most important English terminology concerning international environmental law. They will be able to read English textbooks and articles, as well as – in the same language - to defend their arguments in speaking and writing
- how to deal with the (international and EU) legal institutional framework concerning environmental planning
- international and EU environmental law principles and rules, and related policies

2) Applying knowledge and understanding
Students will be able
- to interact with environment-related institutions and organizations at both national and international level
- to apply their multidisciplinary competences to interpret, describe and resolve issues concerning tourism development

3) Making judgments
- Students will be able to make their own assessment and/or judgment on the basis of the interpretation of available data, as well as to identify, collect and process further elements in order to obtain greater awareness on specific or common issues concerning sustainable tourism development
- Students will know how to start an initiative or take a decision, with the awareness that every activity is carried out in a situation of uncertainty or risk, and taking into account – besides legal/technical aspects – also economic, ethical and social ones.

4) Communication skills
- Students will be able to communicate, in an effective manner, information, projects and courses of action to stake-holders, relevant organizations, economic and social operators, as well as to the community at large, both at a national and at an international level. They will also be able to discuss their own ideas, raise problems, put forth solutions.

5) Learning skills
Students will develop
- the autonomous learning skills, which are needed by managers in order to operate in line with the dictates of international and EU environmental law;
- the ability to search for different bibliographical sources (both in Italian and in English) in order to acquire new competences
- the competence, curiosity and inclination to continue their studies


No formal prerequisites are envisaged. Yet, before approaching the course, it is strongly advised to pass the English language exam.


1) BASIC CONCEPTS (6 hours)
1.1) Definition of International Law and EU Law
1.2) The Functioning of International and EU Law (Sources of International and EU Law; Compliance Mechanisms)

2.1) The Principle of Sustainable Development
2.2) The Principle of Common but Differentiated Responsibilities
2.3) The Principles of Prevention and Precaution
2.4) The Polluter Pays Principle

3.1) The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora
3.2) The Aarhus Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters
3.3.) The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance
3.4.) The UNESCO World Heritage Convention
3.5.) The European Landscape Convention
3.6.) The Fight Against Climate Change
3.7.) The Protection of the Environment in EU Law

4.1) The UN World Tourism Organization and the Global Code of Ethics for Tourism
4.2) The EU Law and Policies on Sustainable Tourism

Teaching Methods

The course will last 36 hours and will include 30 hours of academic teachings and 6 hours of workshops.
During the hours of academic teachings, the topics outlined in the Course Programme will be explained to the students, whose active participation will be strongly encouraged.
In the Workshops, students will be asked to apply to selected case studies the knowledge acquired during academic teachings. To this end, fictitious scenarios for role-playing will be made up. Attendees' participation to the simulation will be taken into due account for the purposes of the final assessment.
Lessons will be delivered simultaneously both in the classroom and online, thereby establishing a mixed teaching methodology that can be experienced in university classrooms but at the same time also remotely. Each student, at the beginning of the semester, can opt, with a binding choice, for attending the classes physically or virtually. Depending on the availability of the classrooms and the number of students who will opt for physically attending the classes, there may be a rotation for the actual access to the classroom.

Verification of learning

The exam will consists of an oral interview, where students will be asked to expose the contents of the course programme. In this respect, it will be verified whether the student has acquired: knowledge and understanding, the competence to apply such knowledge and understanding to specific cases, the ability of making judgments, as well as communication and learning skills.
The interview will be articulated as follows:
- question 1 on basic concepts (6/30 points);
- question 2 on general principles of international and EU environmental law (8/30 points);
- question 3 on selected issues of international and EU environmental law (8/30 points);
- question 4 on environmentally sustainable tourism in international and EU law (8/30 points);

A 2 points bonus could be added to the assessment of students who stand out for their ability to expound on the issues dealt with in the Course in a comprehensive and critical manner. In this connection, the quality of the participation to the workshops will be also taken into account.

On the basis of the above-mentioned assessment methods, grading will be expressed as follows:
- from 18/30 to 20/30: the student has a basic knowledge of the programme, without serious conceptual mistakes;
- from 21/30 to 25/30: the student has a good knowledge of the programme, but his/her analytical tools remain quite elementary;
- from 26/30 to 29/30: the student has a good (or more than good) knowledge of the programme, and has acquired likewise good analyitical tools;
- 30/30 (if the case, cum laude): the student is able to sistematize in a logical and coeherent manner the knowledge acquired during the Course, to apply critically the learned legal framework to specific cases and to master the legal lexicon.


P.-M. Dupuy and J.E. Vinuales, International Environmental Law, Cambridge University Press (last ed.), Part I, Part III and Chapter 12

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