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Second Semester 
Teaching style
Lingua Insegnamento

Informazioni aggiuntive

Course Curriculum CFU Length(h)


At the end of the course the student will have knowledge of Earth Sciences related to many topics such as Lithology, Stratigraphy, Structural Geology and Geomorphology, elements of mineralogy and petrography. Also, geological peculiarity of different geological settings and the potential influence of geo-environmental factors on human health (medical geology) will be discuss during the course. In reference to objectives of the CdS, the Specific Objectives of the course are aimed to develop the ability to study, analyse and summarize the geological components of an environment and a territory. In particular, at the end of the course will be learn:
1) The knowledge and understanding of the basic elements of lithology, stratigraphy, structural geology, mineralogy, petrography and medical geology.
2) The ability to apply these knowledge to the specific fields of Engineering for the Environment and Territory, such as those relating to the Soil Protection, the Geoengineering, the Earth Resources, the Geo-environmental interventions, the Regional Planning.
3) To develop an autonomy of judgment in the analysis of geological elements of an environmental/territorial context.
4) To obtain Communication skills related to specific languages of Earth Sciences. As a result, the student will be able to relate to other professional figures, such as the Geologist.
5) To develop learning skills functional to techniques and methodologies that can be utilized in the career of an Environmental Engineer.


It is necessary for the student to know the topics related to the following courses
1) Chemistry
2) Physics I


Introduction to the Course-Earth Sciences for the Environmental Engineering
Elements of mineralogy and petrography - Crystalline and amorphous solid state - crystallization - chemical bonds and crystal structures - coordination number Paulings rules - solid solutions and isomorphisms - polymorphisms and polymorphic transformations - chemical and physical properties of minerals - analytical methods and techniques applied to mineral science - Petrographic microscope - introduction of microscope minerals study - mineral classification (15h).
Lithology. The interior structure of the Earth - Earth magnetism - plate tectonics and continental drift - the lithologenetic cycle - chemical and physical parameters - introduction of both geomorphology and the parameters which govern the natural surface shapes. Introduction to the different lithologies (6h).
The Magmatic Rocks - chemical composition and silica content - magma composition and magma consolidation processes - fractional crystallization - magmatic differentiation - classification of magmatic rocks - fabric and textures - Volcanism - Pyroclastic rocks (9h).
Sedimentary rocks - formation processes and sedimentary environments - mechanical disintegration processes of rocks - chemical alteration processes: hydration and hydrolysis of silicate minerals - clay minerals - carbonates hydrolysis - karst - oxidation processes - solid transport - types and agents of transport - morphological maturity of clasts. Transport in solution - Diagenesis - Classification of sedimentary rocks - clastic rocks - Dimensional and mineralogical classifications criteria - Wenthworth scale - rudite, arenite, lutite - Folk and Pettijohn classifications - mineralogical and textural maturity of rocks - Carbonate rocks: marlstone and limestone - constituents of Limestone - Folk and Dunham classifications - Dolostones - evaporite and evaporative environments - Residual rocks - The metamorphism - metamorphic factors and processes. The metamorphic P-T path - index mineral of metamorphic rocks - foliation and schistosity - porphyroclasts and porphyroblasts. Metamorphic grade: metamorphic facies and P-T diagram - anatexis - regional metamorphism, contact metamorphism, burial metamorphism. (15h)
Elements of stratigraphy. Principles of stratigraphy - stratigraphic discontinuities and unconformities - Chronostratigraphy: relative and absolute chronology - The chronostratigraphic scale(3h) .
Elements of structural geology - brittle and ductile rheology - Stress and stress ellipsoid - Strain and strain ellipsoid - Shear- mechanical model of shear failure - Types of stress - Faults - geometric elements - the main types of faults- mechanical model - shear zones - Folds - Geometric elements - antiforms and sinforms - Mechanisms of bending - concentric and shear folds - systems of folds. Geological maps and representation of geological data. (6h)

Rocks recognition (6h)

Teaching Methods

60 hours of lectures.
Teaching will be delivered mainly face to face, integrated and "augmented" with online strategies, in order to guarantee its use in an innovative and inclusive way.

Verification of learning

At the end of the oral exam the vote, shall be determined. The level of knowledge of the student together with his capacity for analysis and synthesis, are the evaluation criterion. In addition, the student must demonstrate the ability to distinguish the different types of rocks, to know the physical-mechanical properties and the chemical and mineralogical constitution.


Klein, C. - Mineralogia. Zanichelli.
Elmi C., Diretto M. - Geologia. Pitagora editrice.
Boccaletti M., Tortorici L. - Appunti di Geologia strutturale - Patron Editore

Further readings:
Trevisan L., Giglia G. - Introduzione alla geologia. Pacini Editore
Negretti G., Di Sabatino B. - Corso di Petrografia. CISU Pavia

More Information

The teacher's notes from the lectures will be available to the students

Questionnaire and social

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